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Review of the Aboriginal Lands Act 1970

A government priority to promote Aboriginal self-determination and empower First Peoples in the Lake Tyers and Framlingham communities to freely exercise their land rights.

The Victorian Government is committed to supporting economic development and advancing self-determination for Aboriginal communities.

The Review of the Aboriginal Lands Act 1970 (the Act) aligns with this commitment and forms part of our journey towards achieving Voice, Treaty and Truth.

About the Act

The Act was created in response to the Framlingham and Lake Tyers Aboriginal communities’ advocacy for land rights. The Act granted freehold title to the residents of each community over two former Victorian mission sites - Framlingham in Southwest Victoria and Lake Tyers in Gippsland.

People living at Framlingham and Lake Tyers on 1 January 1968 were gazetted as members of either the Framlingham or Lake Tyers Aboriginal Trusts (Trusts) and were then allocated shares.

The Minister for Treaty and First Peoples through First Peoples - State Relations in the Department of Premier and Cabinet is responsible for overseeing the administration of the Act.

About the Review

In 2017, the Victorian Government published a discussion paper outlining its intention to undertake an independent review of the Act. In 2018, the Victorian Government appointed two Aboriginal independent reviewers, Jason Behrendt and Timothy Goodwin, were appointed by the government to lead the review.

The objective of the review was to update the Act to improve governance and enable greater self-determination for the Trusts’ communities. The reviewers engaged extensively with the Trust communities between 2018 and 2021 to inform a final report.

The review concluded in September 2021. The final report included 42 legislative and non-legislative recommendations for reform, designed to improve the Act’s shareholding system, strengthen governance, facilitate economic activity, and modernise language in the Act.

Helpful Resources

You can download the Final report of the Independent Review and the Victorian Government's response to its findings below.

Review of the Act

Executive Summary of the Independent Review of the Aboriginal Lands Act 1970

Victorian Government Response to the Review

Victorian Government Response to the Review: Aboriginal Lands Act 1970

Options paper

Fact Sheet

Discussion paper

Who can I contact for further information?

If you have questions or want to learn more about the Review, contact First Peoples - State Relations by email at

Reviewed 20 September 2023

First Peoples – State Relations

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